I recently worked with a volunteer from the Birdathon, printing small photos of habitat for kids to use in one of the hands-on learning projects Birdathon volunteers offer. I started thinking about habitat - that conjunction of space/food/water/shelter/structure that allows a species to live there.
It's hard not to notice the killdeer trying to occupy the gravel right-of-way along a back road. They can't nest there, between the tires and the cats and dogs and horses and bicycles. The seasonally scrubbed gravel beds along and in the river are mostly gone. I sometimes fantasize that we could take all the flat roofs on the downtown buildings, add a shallow gravel layer with a little silt for occasional native grasses, and create some of the nesting area that is now subdivisions and streets and straight narrow ditches. It would take creativity and commitment and a great deal of buy-in from people who probably mostly don't care about the nesting needs of killdeer.
It would have been so much easier to keep a few gravel ridges and sandbars along the river and major creeks, instead of subverting the natural riverine shapes and patterns to the straight and narrow of the Army Corps of Engineers. Human convenience, thoughtlessness and arrogance trumped the needs of other species. It would now take a great deal of money and time and effort to rebuild one gravel ridge or sandbar.
One of the reasons I support HCPC is that it works to protect the places that do still exist - public lands where wildlife can still find the habitat they need, knowing that it is so much more reasonable (and affordable) to preserve than to have to rebuild. And HCPC works to rebuild and restore habitat as well, knowing that we need to repair damage that has been done.
This is clear in the recent Travel Management Plan for the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest. I'm so proud of HCPC advocating for the protection of elk calving grounds from motorized disturbance, for the protection of high wet meadows from destructive and careless cross-country rutting by off-roaders, for the protection of roadless areas from new roads, and for the closure of excess old roads that were supposed to be closed down a decade ago.
I recently followed the Mt. Emily Road, looking for wildflowers and enjoying the abundance of blooms and silence and birdsong. It didn't take long though before I saw the terrible damage left by off-road vehicles tearing across a wet meadow. The ruts were deep, hard set, and showed as dark brown scars bereft of any green in the midst of wildflowers. In another case the damage went straight up a steep hillside that was now eroding badly. There were roads around, a LOT of roads - going off both sides from the Mt. Emily road. There was no need to go where these ruts went, in one case just cutting a corner between the main road and another side road.
I started thinking about how long it would take for those ruts to heal. Since we can still see the ruts from wagon wheels over 100 years ago, without our help such wounds last a long time. Wouldn't it be better not to make them in the first place?